From: Colin_Douthwaite-at-equinox.gen.nz (Colin Douthwaite)
Date: Wed Jan 26 12:06:50 CST 1994

ANSI ESCAPE SEQUENCES

ESC code sequence Function
Wherever you see '#', that should be replaced by the appropriate number.
Cursor Controls:
ESC[#;#H or ESC[#;#f Moves cusor to line #, column #
ESC[#A Moves cursor up # lines
ESC[#B Moves cursor down # lines
ESC[#C Moves cursor forward # spaces
ESC[#D Moves cursor back # spaces
ESC[#;#R Reports current cursor line & column
ESC[s Saves cursor position for recall later
ESC[u Return to saved cursor position
Erase Functions:
ESC[2J Clear screen and home cursor
ESC[K Clear to end of line
Set Graphics Rendition:
ESC[#;#;....;#m Set display attributes where # is
  • 0 for normal display
  • 1 for bold on
  • 4 underline (mono only)
  • 5 blink on
  • 7 reverse video on
  • 8 nondisplayed (invisible)
  • 30 black foreground
  • 31 red foreground
  • 32 green foreground
  • 33 yellow foreground
  • 34 blue foreground
  • 35 magenta foreground
  • 36 cyan foreground
  • 37 white foreground
  • 40 black background
  • 41 red background
  • 42 green background
  • 43 yellow background
  • 44 blue background
  • 45 magenta background
  • 46 cyan background
  • 47 white background
ESC[=#;7h or
ESC[=h or
ESC[=0h or
ESC[?7h
Put screen in indicated mode where # is
  • 0 for 40 x 25 black & white
  • 1 for 40 x 25 color
  • 2 for 80 x 25 b&w
  • 3 for 80 x 25 color
  • 4 for 320 x 200 color graphics
  • 5 for 320 x 200 b & w graphics
  • 6 for 640 x 200 b & w graphics
  • 7 to wrap at end of line
ESC[=#;7l or
ESC[=l or
ESC[=0l or
ESC[?7l
Resets mode # set with above command
Keyboard Reassignments:
ESC[#;#;...p or
ESC["string"p or
ESC[#;"string";#;#;"string";#p
Keyboard reassignment. The first ASCII code defines which code is to be changed. The remaining codes define what it is to be changed to.
E.g. Reassign the Q and q keys to the A and a keys (and vice versa).
ESC [65;81p A becomes Q
ESC [97;113p a becomes q
ESC [81;65p Q becomes A
ESC [113;97p q becomes a
E.g. Reassign the F10 key to a DIR command.
ESC [0;68;"dir";13p The 0;68 is the extended ASCII code for the F10 key and 13 is the ASCII code for a carriage return.
Other function key codes F1=59, F2=60, F3=61, F4=62, F5=63, F6=64, F7=65, F8=66, F9=67, F10=68